What is Biodegradable material and it's importance?

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What is Biodegradable material and it's importance?

What does biodegradable material mean?

A biodegradable material is a material which can be broken down (decomposed) by natural factors like microbes (e.g. bacteria, fungi etc.), and abiotic factors such as temperature, UV, oxygen, etc. after these materials are disposed of into the environment. Microorganisms and abiotic factors together break down complex compounds into a simpler organic matter which eventually is returned to the soil in a reasonable time frame. The whole process of biodegradation is natural which can be rapid or slow. Therefore, the environmental issues caused by waste generated using biodegradable materials are low.

Examples:

Some examples of such biodegradable substances include food scraps, kitchen wastes, cotton, jute, wool, wood, human and animal waste, manufactured products based on natural materials (such as paper, biodegradable plastics and vegetable-oil-based soaps) and other natural materials.


Why You Should Buy Biodegradable Products?

The use of biodegradable products should be looked upon as a part of the solution to landfill problems and the world’s environmental issues. Following are the advantages of using biodegradable products over non-biodegradable ones:

Parameter

Biodegradable

Non-biodegradable

Degradation Time

Rapid/ slow degradation

   No degradation even after considerable time

Compostability

Used to produce energy manure, compost and biogas

  These waste contribute to solid waste which is very hazardous for the environment

Pollution

No/Less pollution

Results in landfills and environmental pollution

Energy Consumption

It requires far less energy to recycle

     Can be recycled using industrial methods requiring high energy consumption



Role of Animal Mark:

Animal Mark is a social enterprise model that support the introduction of products made from biodegradable materials into the market. We encourage the use of animal cruelty-free products as well as green products.

The packaging material is an essential part of every purchase. Keeping this in mind we have introduced packaging material which is biodegradable and reusable. We have an objective of providing our customers with 100% biodegradable packaging covers but due to obvious constraints are short of achieving this. But we will strive to achieve our objective in the near future.

 

Content Contributor: Maya Viswakarma